In the world of iOS and mobile app development, React Native is a relatively newer technology. It is a framework that was created for Java, whereas Swift is an entirely new programming language in the market, which begs the question; which one should you choose for your iOS app development project?
The Rise in the Popularity of iPhones
Apple’s iPhones are more than just mobile phones, they have now become a phenomenon in society with ever-increasing popularity, ranking higher than even Android. This revolution first began in the year 2007 and since that time, people have become somewhat obsessed with the idea of having an iPhone in their arsenal. The creation of iPhones increased the overall global smartphone sales by a stark 13.2% according to Statista. The reason for this popularity is it’s elite and premium status. Towards the end of 2017, an estimate of 78% of all teens in America owned an iPhone and over 80% of teens claimed that they were planning on their next mobile device to be an iOS device.
What is Swift?
Swift was created to be a multi-paradigm programming language for general purposes by Apple so that it could develop its own iOS devices containing the same ecosystem in June of 2014. The apps created with Swift can be programmed to run on a variety of iOS devices such as tvOS, z/OS, watchOS, and macOS. Swift is currently licensed by Apache License which makes it a language accessible for the entire community.
What is React Native?
React Native vs. Swift – What Makes a Comparison Necessary
Our world has created a necessity for smartphones which has allowed them to be more than just a tool and a means to an end. One simply cannot function without a smartphone anymore, as it is now a part of our lifestyles. Based off of data derived from the IDC, 80% of all mobile phone owners have a habit to check their phones every 15 minutes, especially after they have just woken up. Yes, we do mean they do this before even freshening up in the morning! It may sound bizarre until you notice that you do this as well.
Regardless of this fact, creating mobile applications is a costly business and sometimes it can be more than organizations can even bear. Then there is the matter of cross-platform applications (also known as Hybrid apps), which cost even more than the traditional apps designed for one platform. Moreover, when a developer is creating an application, he must consider both Android and iOS devices and prepare an application that will work seamlessly on both platforms at the same time, for that purpose a most sturdy platform must be chosen! Could it be React Native or is Swift the right fit? Let us take a dive into the comparison!
Since Swift is created by Apple to power iOS application, it has no issues leveraging all that the UX has to offer. However, the downside with developing an application based on Swift is that developers have to start from scratch and polish each element individually.
Speed of Coding
When it comes to coding, Swift is as good as its name. This programming language takes legacy from the previous language Objective-C and it makes full use of it all by making the development process of an application easier with little to no drawbacks. It is simply just convenient.
Based off of our intuition, we believe that a native app can perform better than an app-based on a particular framework. However much we wish this was true though, the real answer is not as simple as that. Based off of various tests online state that when two apps are analyzed conduction the same tasks, the differences generated are based on the varying task. React Native apps perform slightly better when it comes to CPU usage optimization, whereas it struggles a bit with graphic effects. To deal with this problem, it gives developers the opportunity to embed existing code into the app so that it can use the full arsenal of tools to conduct various tasks. This surely puts Swift a step back in comparison.
Community and Support
Whereas when Swift is concerned, it happens to be a native app and has the capabilities to leverage the benefits of its platform. This allows Swift to perform better than React Native. This category is a clear win for Swift.
Both React Native and Swift win this category as they both have the support of tech giants. React Native is the creation of Facebook while Swift was created by Apple. This makes both platforms well-documented and organized as well.
React Native and Swift are both new. Swift came into existence in 2014 whereas React Native was launched a year later. Though both are trending technologies in the market, there are still major differences between the two.
Swift happens to be the next step for Objective-C. Though creating a new programming language is not easy, it is the very foundation of software. Swift brings a lot of benefits to the table, but all of them are relatively new.